Email spoofing is a common technique used by cybercriminals to send fraudulent emails that appear to come from a trusted source. This practice can put individuals and organizations at risk of falling victim to phishing attacks, malware infections, and other types of cyber threats. To prevent email spoofing, several email authentication protocols such as SPF, DKIM, and DMARC have been developed. These protocols work by verifying the authenticity of the sending domain, checking the content of the email, and enforcing policy-based actions. By implementing these protocols, domain owners can protect their brand reputation, improve email deliverability, and provide a safer email experience for their users.